Quick revise After studying this section, you should be able to understand:
In most western societies, people are free to choose their spouse themselves, rather than their spouse being selected for them by arranged marriage. In western societies, the majority- but not all- pairings are opposite-sex.
Western societies often treat marriage as a legally-binding relationship, rather than an informal agreement. In these societies, both partners usually share control of their children's upbringing. They both have roles as a parent to protect their children, oversee the development of their children in society, and see to the survival of their children.
In some cases, both partners have separate lines of income to support the family; in others, only one receives substantial income colloquially called the "breadwinner" while the other spends more time caring for the family directly looking after the children, taking care of the home, etc.
Throughout the years[ edit ] Conjugal family roles have changed over the years. Historically, marriages were exclusively opposite-sex and it was assumed that the male would be the head of the household and provide for the family while the woman would stay in the home and care for the children.
However, conjugal roles have evolved over the years; in modern times, same-sex couples are more accepted and in opposite-sex couples, the husband and wife are treated equally.The concept that joint family households will prove a barrier to the emergence of conjugal role patterns was tested for a sample in Dharwar, India.
It was found that living with close kin was not highly correlated with a major increase in husband and wife avoiding one another.
Urbanization and education, however, both seem to lead to changes in the content of roles within all types of household. Segregated conjugal roles – where couples have separate roles: A male breadwinner and a female homemaker/ carer, and where their leisure activities were separated Joint conjugal roles – where the couples share tasks such as housework and childcare and spend their leisure time together.
Assess the view that conjugal roles, domestic labour and power relationships have changed significantly over the past 50 years (24 marks).” Different sociologists have had different views to whether conjugal roles have become equal.
• Conjugal roles and debates about gender equality within the family. • Changing patterns of marriage, cohabitation, civil partnership, separation, divorce and child bearing;.
Conjugal family roles have changed over the years. Historically, marriages were exclusively opposite-sex and it was assumed that the male would be the head of the household and provide for the family while the woman would stay in the home and care for the children.