Does your name influence your career choice? It sometimes appears to be cosmically ordained; recently, Anthony Weiner, U. There are many examples recorded all over the net of these occurrences. He collated an impressive pre-internet list of examples of people in careers that sound like their names and suggested in a loose conclusion, that in some way, environmental influences, lady luck and genes could be involved.
Thus, culture influences the Culture and careers refers to the way that culture influences the way people work, the way they make decisions about work, and how their career paths are shaped, way groups communicate, the way they take care of and educate their children, how they provide food and shelter, and how they earn a living.
For example, the cultural context for an African American woman who lives in the southern United States will be based on her race, gender, and geographic location.
The terms culture, race, and ethnicity are often used interchangeably, though this has also caused some controversy in the field. Race may be viewed as both a biological concept and as a social construct. Geneticists note that the biological concept is not very useful because although at one point in history it was possible to biologically distinguish individuals based on race, racial groups are no longer biologically distinct from each other.
But it is also clear that race has a strong social meaning in the United States, and there are different social and psychological consequences for individuals based on their race.
Thus, the term race continues to be used in research to help identify differences between individuals who identify as members of different racial groups. For more than three decades, researchers have examined various factors that contribute to the big differences across racial groups in the types of work chosen and the progress in those careers.
Since there are no differences in ability patterns across groups, psychologists have focused on other factors that may lead to differences in occupational choice, such as career dreams, role models, work values, or interests in careers.
More recently, researchers have examined possible reasons in the environment that may contribute to those differences, such as racism and discrimination. Ethnic group refers to individuals who come from a common geographic area and share customs and ways of behaving. The term culture is used to broadly encompass the context for various groups.
Cultural identity is considered to be shaped by racial and ethnic identity; related concepts are gender and careers, sexual orientation and careers, and identity. Thus, for example, there are often more differences between men and women, and adolescent and adult African Americans than there are between Hispanic, African American, and White men.
Culture influences careers in a number of ways. Since individuals work within a context shaped by the culture of the organization and the individuals within that organization, culture influences the type of work that is done, the rewards for various types of work, and the types of interaction that are valued.
In other words, cultural values shape our perspectives of the importance of work and the type of work that is valued. Cultural values shape not only the decisions made by organizations and within the workplace but also the career and work decisions made by individuals.
When we start thinking about our future profession and career choice, we think about several factors. The most important things are job description, required skills and education, salary, career outlook. Scroll To Top How Parents Influence Early Moral Development A new study finds that the key to raising moral kids lies with the parents' sense of empathy and injustice. Influence of parents in career choice Words | 6 Pages. interest in the interrelationships between career choice, peer group and parental influence. More importantly the focus has been on the factors that tend to move an individual towards a career. More about anne roe's theory of needs and career choice Essay. A Formal Analysis of.
For example, individuals who place a very high value on family and the collective good of their racial or ethnic groups may make different choices than those who place a high value on individual achievement. In the United States, the cultural context for the majority cultural group includes several assumptions about work.
It is assumed, for example, that work decisions are made solely by individuals, without consultation from others. It is also assumed that individuals are affluent enough to have the resources to seek opportunities to prepare for work and that the work opportunities are available and open to everyone.
Finally, it is assumed that the career development process is logical and rational and occurs in a linear, step-by-step fashion. Culture very clearly shapes the opportunities available to individuals. Thus, it may be that for some, career and work decisions are a result of a compromise between occupations available to them and what they really hope or want to do.
This suggests that culture may interact with work and career in two ways. Second, culture influences the types of work available to individuals, both for positive reasons e. Cultural values, the demographic diversity of work, and the role of interests, dreams, and barriers to work are all explored more fully in the next sections.
Cultural Values and Work Cultural groups have been found to differ on a number of variables, though most researchers discuss five major dimensions on which differences in cultural values influence career and work. The first dimension is that of individualism versus collectivism.
Those who value individualism have a preference for working alone, avoid dependence on others, and prefer accountability as an individual. They tend to place a high value on competition.
Their work goal is to maximize material wealth and well-being. Conversely, those who value collectivism have a preference for working as part of a group, subordinate their own goals for achievement to that of the group, and place a high value on group success and cooperation. Some cultural groups have a preference for doing and achieving through work, and others prefer to work so that they can do other things.
The former, who live to work, place a high value on work as a worthy end in and of itself; European Americans tend to value living to work. A third cultural value is how much people believe they can control or shape their surroundings and how much they believe that life and consequences are predetermined.
This has been referred to as locus of control: Is the control within the individual internal locus of controlor is it shaped by forces outside the individual external locus of control?
Those with an internal locus of control tend to be more aggressive in achieving their own plans and also tend to be more optimistic about achieving those plans than those with an external locus of control, who tend to be more passive and accepting of fate.
A fourth dimension is that of avoidance of uncertainty. Cultures differ in how comfortable individuals are with ambiguity and unfamiliar tasks and how much risk is tolerable.
When rules are broken, a typical response is a high level of anxiety.
The rules for behavior and relationships are clear, and conflict is avoided when possible. Cultures with low uncertainty avoidance have a much higher tolerance for outside-the-norm ideas and experimentation.One of the factors that influence career choice is the motivation emanating from oneself.
Topkaya and Uztosun () outlined the motives for selecting a teaching career. Motivation based on attractors, facilitators and self-determination theory. which, in turn. Oct 19, · factors affecting career choice essay How Parents Influence Career Aspirations Holland's Career Choice Theory - Duration: Factors That Impact Student’s Career Choice Perhaps, the two most powerful factors that may influence student’s career choice are culture and family.
Most of the students are forced to choose the specific major and work by their own parents. Some applicants will cite their parents as reasons for their choice. Here again you have to be careful not to sound juvenile or over-simplistic. The mere fact that one or both of your parents were doctors does not explain why you would want to follow in their footsteps.
Writing an essay that explains what goals you want to pursue in your future career is a skill you will have to demonstrate a lot as a student. Family’s Influences towards Career Choice In other words, the relation between family’s interdependence, school, and community culture are the main social factors.
Family members who work hard all day and night serve as the social role models for their children.