Listen as he reflects back on the changes he has seen over the past forty years: Horse-drawn trolleys provided the main form of transportation and pollution it Washington Square New York City seemed. Horses can produce 20 to 30 pounds of manure a day.
Their working experiences were typified by uncomfortable and dangerous conditions, low pay and long hours. They worked in areas which required physical labour such as the building and construction trade, or the mechanical and maintenance industry. Manual labourers are usually of the working class.
The middle class are typically white-collar or professional workers who tend to undertake less physical work and receive a higher salary. Most manual labourers in the cities worked in factories. The factories were quite often poorly ventilated, without basic amenities, overcrowded and often reached over 40 degrees Celsius in summer, while being cold and damp in winter.
At the turn of the century, factories were very dangerous places. It was not uncommon for injuries to result from faulty machinery and a lack of safety equipment or protective clothing, which are mandatory at factory sites today.
See animation Factory workers also had to work long hours. Some even had to work overtime without being entitled to any extra pay.
See image 1 Despite these adverse conditions, workers were too scared to complain out of fear of being dismissed from their job. It was also a common belief at the time that it was the responsibility of the men to provide for their families breadwinner.
In addition to this, having experienced the Depression of the s, many of these workers knew that life could be even more difficult if they were unemployed. Unlike today where the unemployed are able to access dole money from the government, there was no similar scheme available at that time.
There was also no workers compensation for those who were injured at work, no sick leave or superannuation for retirement. Manual labourers in rural Australian did not fare much better. A vast number of manual labourers in the rural sector were sheep shearers.
The shearers also had to endure unsanitary and vermin-infested conditions in the shearing sheds and at the accommodation which was provided for them. Working conditions for women and children The work of most women involved attending to their household duties and looking after their young children who were not of school age, while their husbands were at work.
They had to endure similar working conditions to the men, except they did so with much less pay. Women received a wage 50 percent less than their male counterparts. Women were often employed as domestic servants. Some of them enjoyed their jobs and were treated fairly by the families for whom they worked.
A number of them, however, had a heavy workload and some were even taken advantage of by their male employers. See image 2 Some women were also employed in the service industry. While shop assistants did not have to engage in any arduous physical labour, their hours were exceptionally long.
Timeline of 20th century Australia Australia's second century had elements that were similar to its first. Just as the 19th century was a time of beginnings, with the laying of the foundation stones for the cities, the 20th century was a time of beginnings, with the . Australia has influenced the role of women within society up until the beginning of the 20th Century. "During the convict period men out numbered women four to one," although the Australian 7 /5(6). The 20th century was a time of enormous technological and cultural changes, including two world wars and the Great Depression of the s. It also included hardships like the Boxer Rebellion and the San Francisco Earthquake. These Inventions Changed Life in the First Half of the 20th Century.
On weekdays they had to work from 9am to 9pm, with hours extended until 11pm on Saturday. Working-class children were also expected to help out the family by gaining employment. The majority of them left school at the age of twelve, but there were some children as young as eight who were working in a number of trades, such as textiles and boot factories.
Children worked up to hour weeks and were paid around pence 2c an hour.For the first decade of the 20th century, male children had a life expectancy of years and females years.
Today, the infant mortality rate has dropped to , while the average life expectancy of males is years and females years. Life and working conditions, Life in Australia at the turn of the century, Australia to , SOSE: History, Year 9, NSW Introduction Life and working conditions in Australia at the turn of the century were harsh, dangerous and unsanitary compared with today's standards.
What was life like in Australia at the beginning of the 20th century? What was life like in Australia at the beginning of the 20th century?
Australia had only recently federated during the s. The Australian economy needed more people to migrate to Australia, and thus they gave information about the excellent w ork conditions of Australia.
DAILY LIFE IN BRITAIN IN THE 20TH CENTURY. By Tim Lambert. There were two sides to the 20th century. On the one hand there were severe recessions in the early s and in the s and s. At the beginning of the 20th century surveys showed that 25% of the population of Britain were living in poverty.
They found that at least 15% were. What was life like in Australia at the beginning of the 20th century? Topics: Working class, At the beginning of the 20th century, Russia was one of the Great Powers of Europe, but it was the one socially, economically and politically most underdeveloped.
Even though the chances to be the strongest were many, because of the numerous.