Using the transtheoretical model to determine the relation between smoking and infant mortality rate

This is an important issue and may prove useful in further decreasing the rate of SIDS. Specific drug use at the period of conception, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and in the presence or vicinity of the infant was ascertained by telephone for the white, African American, Hispanic, Asian American, and Pacific Islander case and control fathers and mothers.

Using the transtheoretical model to determine the relation between smoking and infant mortality rate

Spiritual experiences of family members to cope with the challenges of childhood disability: If we take the family as a circle, the disabled child is in the center of the circle and weights on all communications in the family.

Therefore, in this research, the experiences of all family members are studied. This was a phenomenological study. Participants were Iranian families with disabled child and were selected by a goal-oriented sampling.

Using the transtheoretical model to determine the relation between smoking and infant mortality rate

Data collection was done through an unstructured interview. Interviews were transcript based. Codes were extracted from the interviews and then the main concepts were formed by organizing the formulated meanings into clusters of themes.

Data were being compiled from the h interview tapes and the verbatim transcription of the interviews with the 12 study participants.

Then, the researchers formulated the meanings of each significant statement into 65 codes and organized the formulated meanings into following four clusters of themes: The existence of a disabled child may lead to psychological and spiritual distress and vast changes in every aspect of each member of the family.

A pilot study for evaluation of knowledge and common practises of nursing staff regarding use of multidose injection vials and their microbial contamination rate in a super-specialty hospital Mohit Bhatia, Bibhabati Mishra, Poonam Sood Loomba, Vinita Dogra J Edu Health Promot7: Multidose injection vials MDVs are prone to bacterial contamination, and their use has been reported to be a potential source of infections.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and common practises of nursing staff regarding the use of MDVs and its microbial contamination rate.

A pilot study was conducted in a super-specialty hospital from June to December Information about knowledge and common practises of nursing staff posted in various Intensive Care Units ICUs with respect to the usage of single and MDVs, respectively, was obtained and assessed.

About 40 in-use multidose injection vials containing some remnants were collected from different ICUs. The broth was visually examined every day and subcultured onto blood, chocolate, and Sabouraud Dextrose agar plates on alternate days within 10 days or any time that the appearance seemed turbid.

The microbial isolates thus obtained were identified using standard guidelines and recorded. Descriptive statistics were used. The study group members had sufficient knowledge about various aspects of handling single and MDVs, respectively, such as hand hygiene, disinfection, checking of vial labels, and expiry date.

The use of MDVs is associated with the risk of contamination and nosocomial outbreaks of life-threatening bloodstream infections. Healthcare professionals must strictly adhere to basic infection control practises as per standard guidelines to minimize the incidence of hospital-acquired infections.

Sabbatical as a part of the academic excellence journey: In this period of career development, a professor might learn new techniques, expand a research program, or finish off that book or pile of languishing manuscripts.

This article tried to organize lived experiences of a visiting scholar from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences to Johns Hopkins University. The research aimed to study the context and conditions of the sabbatical in an alternative academic setting.

This article applies a narrative qualitative study integrated with Eisner critical and connoisseurship approach as a combined naturalistic methodology. Using narrative inquiry and reflective analysis in form of observations and audit reports, written dairy notes and memos, the content analyzed thematically and extracted the themes of lived experiences as well as lessons learned and then have been transformed into tables.

Extracted themes from research sources are categorized into three main themes: These are resulted in the explanation of the field and events descriptiondiscussion about them interpretationfollowed by concluding remarks evaluation. It also represents research questions and findings in descriptive and interpretation phases.

This article addresses some descriptions, interpretations, and evaluations extracted from the experiences through answering the research questions.

It categorizes these practical lessons into three categories: Spiritual aspects of care for chronic Muslim patients:Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.

Population health has been defined as "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group".

It is an approach to health that aims to improve the health of an entire human population. This concept does not refer to animal or plant populations. It has been described as consisting of three components.

Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.

Journal of Education and Health Promotion: Browse articles An assessment of hand hygiene perception and practices among undergraduate nursing students in Lagos State:
Population health - Wikipedia Advanced Search Abstract Birthweight is one of the most accessible and most misunderstood variables in epidemiology. A baby's weight at birth is strongly associated with mortality risk during the first year and, to a lesser degree, with developmental problems in childhood and the risk of various diseases in adulthood.

Infant Mortality rate and Under-5 mortality rate went down sharply. Though there is no data from to , we can see the trend. The gap between IMR and U5MR became smaller and smaller, which indicates health in children has been promoted.

The current study was designed to examine patterns and differences on constructs of the Transtheoretical Model between low-income culturally diverse pregnant and nonpregnant female smokers. Groups were compared on the distribution of the stages of change.

The Aspect of Negotiation Between the Companies Amazon and Hachette.

The intervention flowing from the theoretical assumptions of the transtheoretical model requests measuring instruments which help to follow up and evaluate these factors and processes during the. Infant mortality rates (IMR) in the US have substantially decreased in the past decade, but significant disparities continue between African Americans (AA) and Whites, particularly for AAs living in . Relative weights are needed to uncover the essential relation between smoking and infant mortality. To the extent that smoking increases weight-specific mortality proportionately across all (relative) weights, smoking acts on infant mortality independently of birthweight.

2, words. 9 pages. The Impact of the Political Relationship Between North Korea and South Korea on Journalism. 36, words. 18 pages. Using the Transtheoretical Model to Determine the Relation Between Smoking and Infant Mortality Rates.

Population health - Wikipedia